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Closing the Gender Wage Gap: Solutions and Policies for Equality

Closing the Gender Wage GapAchieving equal pay for equal work is a long-standing issue in the United States that has affected women for decades. It is unacceptable that in 2021, women still earn only 80 cents for every dollar earned by men.

This wage disparity is more pronounced for women of color, who face even greater obstacles, such as racial and gendered discrimination, that worsen their wage gaps. In this article, we will explore some potential solutions and policies that can be implemented to eliminate the gender wage gap.

Pass the Paycheck Fairness Act:

The Paycheck Fairness Act was first introduced in 2009 and was designed to amend and strengthen the existing Equal Pay Act of 1963. The act aims to address the wage gap by closing loopholes, allowing workers to more easily challenge wage discrimination, and providing appropriate oversight to discourage employers from relying on gendered pay disparities.

Despite this, the Act has yet to be passed into law. The Act has many provisions, such as strengthening penalties for wage discrimination, requiring employers to demonstrate that wage differences are due to job performance rather than gender, and mandating wage transparency.

The Paycheck Fairness Act remains a powerful tool to curtail the wage gap by rewarding employers who pay employees based on their experience, education, and skills, rather than gender. Focus on Paid Family Leave:

Paid family leave enables new and expectant parents to take time off to care for their children without worrying about losing their income or jeopardizing their job security.

While the Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) provides leave for a few weeks, it is unpaid and does not provide the necessary support for families. This is where the paid family leave comes in.

It would provide a more extended period of leave, often between four to six weeks, and offer payment equal to or close to an employee’s regular wages. This benefit would also extend to those who need to take care of their sick family members.

Paid family leave would support mothers who often face career setbacks and wage loss due to unpaid leave. This benefit would provide families with a cushion during a challenging period, allow parents time to bond with their children, and enhance their financial security.

Make Childcare Affordable:

Childcare is an essential factor for working parents. It is not only vital for their child’s development, but it also enables parents to maintain their careers.

However, childcare costs can be astronomical, leaving low-income families with few options. Childcare options, such as universal preschool and Early Head Start, provide affordable childcare, making it possible for families to continue working without sacrificing their child’s quality of care.

Universal preschool would enable more children to receive high-quality early education while easing the financial stress of working parents. Early Head Start provides care for children from birth to three years old and is essential in developing cognitive and social skills critical to a child’s growth.

Increase Minimum Wage:

The existing minimum wage of $7.25 per hour is not sufficient for individuals to support themselves, let alone their families. Although some states have instituted their minimum wage, it is not enough, considering the cost of living.

Increasing the federal minimum wage to $12 per hour would benefit low-wage workers, particularly women, who are over-represented in low-paying jobs. Women are more likely to work in the service sector, where wages lag behind national pay scales.

A higher minimum wage would provide these workers with increased financial stability, reducing the likelihood of poverty and the wage gap in the process. Hillary Clinton’s Presidential Campaign:

Goal to Close the Gender Wage Gap:

The 2016 Presidential campaign was unique in its focus on many pressing issues, including the gender wage gap.

Clinton, as the Democratic nominee, stood out with her commitment to closing the wage gap, particularly among women of color, who are among the most affected. Clinton sought to create policies that would improve women’s economic well-being while investing in policies that helped reduce the gender wage gap.

She represented an opportunity to make a significant impact regarding issues that were overlooked. Proposals to Close the Gender Wage Gap:

Clinton’s comprehensive proposals included policies that focused specifically on closing the wage gap.

A few of these include improving access to affordable childcare, adopting a $12 per hour minimum wage, and enhancing protections for women under the Paycheck Fairness Act. Introducing measures to increase employee wages, supporting equal pay for equal work while breaking down bureaucratic barriers that have contributed to the wage gap.

Clinton’s campaign was a comprehensive and necessary effort to combat the gender wage gap. Her campaign highlighted the struggles that women face in being overlooked for work designed for men, being paid less for the same work, and experience barriers such as lack of affordable childcare that prevent them from achieving work-life balance.

Economic Issues vs. Women’s Issues:

Unfortunately, there has been a prolonged perception that many policies benefiting women are not economic issues, but rather “women’s issues,” marginalizing the debate over the wage gap and creating a missed opportunity to cross-cut multiple economic issues.

However, eliminating the wage gap is an economic issue that affects those who are underpaid and systematically overlooked. Addressing wage gaps enables more women to contribute to the economy, reducing poverty rates and increasing household spending.

More equitable pay also increases women’s economic power, enabling them to start businesses, make investments, and have a more significant impact in society. In conclusion:

Closing the gender wage gap is essential; it requires comprehensive and transformative policy changes that recognize the realities of women in the workplace.

By strengthening policies such as paid family leave, providing affordable childcare, strengthening protections for equal pay, and increasing the minimum wage, there is a significant opportunity to address the wage gap. It is time for policymakers and American people to act on closing the gender wage gap and demand equal pay for equal work.

Statistics on the Gender Wage Gap

The current state of the gender wage gap is a stark reminder that the United States has a long way to go to close this gap. Women still earn, on average, $0.79 on the dollar compared to men.

This means that for every dollar earned by a man, a woman earns only $0.79. There are several factors that contribute to this wage disparity, such as occupational segregation, discrimination, and women’s disproportionate responsibility for unpaid care work.

The National Women’s Law Center (NWLC) predicts that at the current rate of progress, the gender wage gap will close only by 2059. This means we have another 39 years to wait.

The pay gap is not just a problem for women; it also affects families’ economic security and the entire economy.

Public Opinion on the Gender Wage Gap

Despite the prevalent evidence of the wage gap, some people deny that it exists or believe that it is caused by individual choices, experience, or education. However, a Reuters poll conducted in 2018 revealed that 69% of Americans believe that the wage gap is a significant problem.

This outlook is encouraging and represents a positive shift in public opinion regarding the gender wage gap. The poll showed that a higher number of Americans believe that the government should be involved in closing the wage gap.

This is in line with many experts’ findings, who believe that government intervention is necessary to address the systemic nature of the pay gap, rather than relying on individual solutions.

The Importance of the Paycheck Fairness Act

The Paycheck Fairness Act is essential to strengthen the existing Equal Pay Act, which prohibits wage discrepancies based on sex discrimination. The Paycheck Fairness Act aims to close the legal loopholes in the Equal Pay Act and provide additional legal rights to individuals confronting pay disparities due to sex, ethnicity, or race.

Loopholes in the Equal Pay Act

The Equal Pay Act was put in place in 1963 to address gender wage discrimination. Despite this, the Act has several loopholes that have prevented it from achieving its intended purpose.

Employers can claim that wage discrepancies stem from factors other than gender, such as education, experience, skills, and performance. These factors can mask discrimination, making it difficult for victims to recognize and challenge it.

Moreover, the racial and ethnic pay disparities have a more profound impact. They can obscure the intersection of race and gender, accentuating barriers for minorities.

It is essential to recognize the intersection between gender and race when addressing the pay gap’s root causes.

Provisions of the Paycheck Fairness Act

The Paycheck Fairness Act would enhance the Equal Pay Act by providing several provisions that would support closing the gender wage gap. Some of the provisions include strengthening penalties for retaliation and discrimination, providing additional legal protection to prevent pay discrimination, and mandating wage transparency.

The Act would enable employees to discuss their wages without fear of retaliation and allow individuals to obtain an injunction that prohibits employers from violating the law. The Paycheck Fairness Act would require employers to address the root causes of wage disparities, such as structural factors, rather than individual behavior or choices.

It would also provide pay transparency, enabling workers to identify discrepancies and challenge them. Moreover, the Paycheck Fairness Act would hold employers accountable for paying their employees adequately.


Eliminating the wage gap is essential to ensure that workers of all genders receive fair and equal pay for the same work. It is evident that legal protections are necessary to operate in conjunction with social and policy change to address the systemic nature of the pay gap.

The Paycheck Fairness Act can play an instrumental role in addressing the legal loopholes in the Equal Pay Act and combatting the factors that contribute to the wage gap. The Act can serve as a potent tool in breaking down barriers for women in the workforce, providing them with the compensation they deserve.

Focus on Paid Family Leave

Family Leave Benefits for Women

Paid family leave is essential to support women in the workforce who need time off to care for new or sick family members. Women make up nearly half of the US workforce, with many working full time while caring for dependents.

However, without access to paid leave, mothers may be forced to leave their jobs or return to work early, causing financial strain and putting their jobs at risk. Paid family leave policies offer job protection and financial stability during periods of significant life changes, such as the birth or adoption of a child, or a family member’s illness or injury.

These policies can reduce the number of women who leave the workforce and help them return to work on their terms. Clinton’s Proposal for Paid Family Leave

As part of her 2016 presidential campaign, Hillary Clinton proposed mandated paid family leave to provide extended leave for new parents and caregivers.

She proposed a program that would provide up to twelve weeks of paid leave for caregivers who need to take time off to care for a sick family member. Her proposal would have been funded by increased taxes on the wealthiest Americans.

Clinton’s proposal included policies that would ensure new parents would not risk losing their jobs due to taking family leave. It would also cover caregivers who are unable to work due to their caregiving responsibilities.

This proposal would have transformed the lives of millions of American families, enabling them to access paid leave during a critical period in their lives.

Making Childcare More Affordable

Economic Impact of Unaffordable Childcare

The cost of childcare is prohibitive for many families in the United States, particularly low-income families. Quality childcare is both essential to children’s development and enabling parents to maintain their careers.

The lack of affordable and quality childcare is an economic burden for single mothers, locking them in lower-paying jobs or making it difficult to enter the workforce altogether, widening the wage gap further. The availability of quality and affordable childcare is essential for both parents to participate equally in the labor market.

A lack of affordable childcare limits women’s economic opportunities, meaning they switch to part-time work or leave the workforce altogether. Parental access to affordable childcare can result in a more diverse and equal workforce, benefiting the economy as a whole.

Clinton’s Plans for Affordable Childcare

Clinton’s childcare platform centered on providing affordable options for families. She proposed increasing access to on-campus childcare to allow more parents to complete their education while offering on-site childcare.

Her plan included increased funding to Early Head Start programs to provide high-quality early education opportunities to families across the nation. Clinton also proposed universal preschool, making high-quality early education accessible to all children regardless of their families’ income.

Universal preschool would provide low-income families with high-quality care that would improve children’s educational outcomes and contribute to closing the achievement gap. Finally, Clinton proposed tax credits to working parents to cover the cost of childcare.

This policy aimed to help parents pay for childcare, reducing the economic barriers that prohibit many families from accessing quality childcare.


Expanding access to affordable childcare and paid family leave are important steps to support working families and close the gender wage gap. The financial strain on families and the negative economic impact from high rates of infants and small children who miss out on quality care and education is something the government must address.

Policies, like Clinton’s proposals for mandated paid family leave, increased funding to early childhood education and on-campus childcare and universal preschool, can make it possible for working parents to balance work and family while contributing to the workforce. With reasonable solutions, progress is possible in securing greater gender and economic equality in the United States.

Raise the Minimum Wage

Low Minimum Wage and its Impact on Women

The current federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour is unacceptably low, and it impacts low-wage earners, including women. Women are more likely to work in low-wage jobs than men and are disproportionally represented in minimum wage jobs.

This disparity is even more pronounced for women of color, who are working harder for lower wages. The low minimum wage feeds into the pay gap, perpetuates income inequality, and exacerbates poverty rates.

The gender wage gap is closely related to low minimum wages, with women in lower-wage work earning less money than their male counterparts due to gender bias and discrimination. Raising the minimum wage is a necessary step to ensure that women and other low-wage earners can support themselves and their families.

Clinton’s Proposal for Raising the Minimum Wage

Hillary Clinton proposed raising the federal minimum wage significantly to $12 per hour, with higher rates for higher cost of living areas. She also advocated for state and local governments to increase their minimum wage levels to reflect their specific cost of living.

Clinton’s proposal focused on supporting low-wage workers and tackling income inequality. Raising the minimum wage would provide low-wage earners with a sense of financial stability, reducing their reliance on public assistance and contributing to the economy through increased household spending.

Clinton’s proposal would also specifically address the wage gap, allowing women to earn higher and fair wages for their work. Her proposal aimed to raise women’s wages in low-wage jobs, ensuring their economic security and independence.

In addition to raising the minimum wage, Clinton proposed other measures to increase wages, such as expanding access to affordable education, creating opportunities for employee training and development, and imposing penalties on employers found violating wage laws.


Raising the minimum wage is an important step towards achieving economic equality and eradicating the wage gap. Women, in particular, are disproportionately affected by low-wage work and require wage increases to support themselves and their families.

Clinton’s promise to raising the minimum wage to $12 per hour was a strong proposal that could have impacted countless lives, providing individuals with the financial stability needed to access housing, education, and healthcare. It is important that policies like this of this kind continue to be advocated so that work can truly become a pathway to the middle class.

In conclusion, closing the gender wage gap is crucial, and it requires comprehensive solutions like passing the Paycheck Fairness Act, focus on Paid Family Leave, making childcare affordable, and raising the minimum wage. The gender wage gap persists, and low-income women and women of color often experience even greater wage disparities.

Government intervention, such as the Paycheck Fairness Act, is necessary to address the systemic nature of the pay gap, and policies like Paid Family Leave, Affordable Childcare, and Raising the Minimum Wage

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