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The Importance of Financial Literacy in the Homebuying Process

Understanding the Homebuying Process

Purchasing a home is one of the biggest decisions you will ever make. It can be both exciting and overwhelming at the same time.

The homebuying process can be stressful, but understanding the process can make it much easier. In this article, we will guide you through the homebuying process, from getting preapproved to closing the deal.

Preapproval for a Mortgage

Before you start shopping for a home, it is essential first to get preapproved for a mortgage. Preapproval means that your lender has looked at your finances and has determined that you can afford a certain amount of money for a home.

The preapproval process typically involves verifying your income, assets, and credit score.

Your credit score is a significant factor in determining your preapproval status, as it reflects your ability to pay off debts.

A score of 700 or more is considered good, while a score of 800 or more is considered excellent. The higher your credit score, the better your chances of getting approved for a mortgage with a lower interest rate.

Types of Mortgages

Once you are preapproved for a mortgage, you will want to consider the different types of mortgages available. There are many different types of mortgages to choose from, such as conventional, conforming, nonconforming, FHA, VA, USDA, fixed-rate, and adjustable-rate.

A conventional mortgage is a loan that is not insured or guaranteed by the government. Whereas, a conforming loan meets all the guidelines set by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

A nonconforming loan, on the other hand, does not meet these guidelines.

An FHA loan is a loan insured by the Federal Housing Administration, while a VA loan is a loan guaranteed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs.

Both FHA and VA loans have lower credit score requirements and down payment assistance and are more accessible to first-time homebuyers.

Closing Costs

Closing costs are all the additional fees you will have to pay when you close your mortgage. These costs are essential to consider while budgeting for your home purchase.

Closing costs can include a loan application fee, credit report fee, property tax, appraisal fee, underwriting, real estate commissions, title, record filings, and more. It is important to factor in these costs, as they can add up to thousands of dollars.

Lack of Financial Literacy in America

A significant number of Americans lack basic financial knowledge. These skills are essential, especially when it comes to making significant financial decisions, such as buying a home.

Without proper financial literacy, individuals are at risk of making poor financial decisions, taking on high levels of debt and not saving for retirement.

Importance of Financial Education

High schools and parents play a critical role in teaching basic money skills. Unfortunately, not enough emphasis is placed on financial education.

According to the National Endowment for Financial Education, only 24% of millennials demonstrate basic financial literacy.

The importance of financial literacy has become even more critical during the COVID-19 pandemic with the government’s distribution of stimulus checks.

Many individuals did not know how to save or budget after receiving their government stimulus checks, leading to poor financial decisions. Financial education can help guide individuals to make smart financial decisions.

Consequences of Financial Illiteracy

A lack of financial education can also have long-term consequences. For example, many Americans are unaware that high schools can offer to finance classes that teach about student loans.

As a result, students take out high-interest loans that can have significant consequences, leading them into debt. Additionally, rising gas prices due to the COVID-19 pandemic have impacted those who do not know how to manage their finances the most.

These individuals may struggle to make ends meet and put their families at risk for financial instability.


In conclusion, understanding the basics of the homebuying process and improving financial literacy can help individuals make smarter financial decisions. Taking the time to learn about mortgages, closing costs, and your credit score can help you save thousands of dollars.

Similarly, making sure that financial education is a priority for our children and the younger generation can set them up for financial success in the future.

GOBankingRates Survey Results

A recent survey conducted by GOBankingRates revealed the low understanding of the homebuying process, confusion over mortgages, lack of financial education in high school, and the impact of financial illiteracy. In this expansion, we will take a closer look at these topics and their implications.

Low Understanding of Homebuying Process

According to the survey, 53% of respondents found the homebuying process confusing. Many respondents also expressed uncertainty over preapproval and closing costs.

This lack of understanding can lead to poor financial decisions, such as taking out a mortgage that is too large or failing to budget for closing costs.

If you are looking to purchase a home, it is important to take the time to educate yourself on the homebuying process thoroughly.

Government agencies, nonprofits, and local housing authorities all offer resources to assist homebuyers. These resources can be a valuable tool for navigating the homebuying process.

Confusion Over Mortgages

The survey also revealed a lack of knowledge when it comes to the types of mortgages available. Homebuyers must understand the differences between conventional, conforming, nonconforming, FHA, VA, USDA, fixed-rate, and adjustable-rate mortgages.

Each type of mortgage has its own set of advantages and drawbacks.

For example, FHA loans have more relaxed credit score requirements, making them an accessible option for individuals who do not have excellent credit.

VA loans, on the other hand, are available to veterans and their families to help them purchase homes. It is essential to understand these differences and determine which type of loan is the best fit for your individual needs.

Lack of Financial Education in High School

The survey highlighted the importance of financial education in high school and revealed that many individuals feel they are not adequately equipped with basic money skills. Parents play a critical role in filling the gaps that exist in our education system when it comes to financial literacy.

It is essential to teach children about budgeting, saving, and credit management at an early age.

Financial education is not just about personal finance.

It is also critical for teaching individuals about the economy as a whole and how it works. This knowledge is essential for making informed decisions in the workforce and other areas of life.

Impact of Financial Illiteracy

The survey results also showed that financial illiteracy can have significant consequences. Many individuals struggle to manage their finances effectively, leading to missed payments, high-interest debt, and other financial stressors.

The impact of financial illiteracy can be seen more tangibly in the COVID-19 pandemic. For example, many individuals who received stimulus checks did not know how to use them effectively and led to poor financial decisions.

These issues only serve to reinforce the need for greater financial literacy and education.


Overall, the GOBankingRates survey reveals the lack of understanding when it comes to the homebuying process, mortgages, and finance as a whole. As individuals, it is our responsibility to educate ourselves on these topics and make informed decisions.

This education starts with financial education in schools and households and continues throughout our lives. While financial education may not solve all financial problems, it is a critical tool for making better financial decisions and improving our financial well-being.

In this article, we discussed the importance of understanding the homebuying process and improving financial literacy. The GOBankingRates survey highlighted the confusion and lack of knowledge when it comes to obtaining mortgages and navigating the homebuying process.

Furthermore, the consequences of financial illiteracy can have a lasting impact on an individual’s financial well-being. The takeaways from this article are that it is necessary to educate ourselves on these topics, make informed decisions, and promote financial education across schools and households.

Improving financial literacy can help individuals make smarter decisions, manage their finances more effectively, and reduce financial stress. Overall, financial literacy is an essential tool for ensuring a better financial future.

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